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Clarify team skills with the Balanced Team Pie

balanced team pie visual

The Balanced Team Pie is a quick activity to help product teams see what skills they need and what skills they have. It’s short, easy and actually kinda fun.

In the activity, you create a visualization that clearly shows what skills are present in the team, where there are overlaps and where there are gaps. When you can clearly see the gaps and overlaps in your team, you’re able to make smart choices to fill gaps and make the most of shared skillsets.

What it’s good for:

  • Identify key areas of competency needed by the product team.
  • Get to know the skills & expertise of team members.
  • See where team skills overlap and identify gaps to be filled.

What you end up with:

  • A visual overlay showing the distribution of skills in key areas important for product success.
  • Clarity in roles & expertise of team members.
  • Clearly identified gaps in skills.

Download the How-to Guide


You can download the complete How-to Guide & template, or keep reading for details.

A quick preview of the activity


Here’s how to do it


  • About an hour for a team of 5. (Smaller teams will take less time.)
  • Follow-up discussion can take up to an hour, but doesn’t need to happen in the same session.


  • How-to Guide & template
  • Pack of stickynotes, 1 per participant
  • Sharpies, 1 per participant
  • Whiteboard markers, one color per participant
  • Red whiteboard marker

Materials to prepare in advance:

  • Team pie template, printed on white paper. 1 copy per participant; 1 copy for the facilitator.
  • Team pie template, printed on clear transparency film. 1 copy per participant; 1 copy for the facilitator. Note: The clear film is super-important. It’s what makes the activity work.

Detailed Instructions

  1. The first task is to list out areas of competency that you need to make your product successful. Keep it at a fairly high-level, like Code Development, UX Design, Marketing or Accounting. Working individually, each team member writes out their ideas, one idea per stickynote. Aim for 10-15 stickies per person. [5 minutes]
  2. Put all the stickynotes up on a wall. As a team, cluster the stickynotes (like with like) into groups. Label each group [10 minutes]
  3. As a team, prioritize the top 5-10 groups. (Note that the fewer groups you have, the more quickly the activity will go. However, don’t artificially constrain the number of groups. If you have 10 groups, go with it.) [10 minutes]
  4. Weight the top items by importance…how key is this area of effort to the success of the team? The total should equal 100%. [10-15 minutes]
  5. Using the percentages, the facilitator makes a template pie chart on a white printout of the Team Pie, drawing in the divisions based on the percentages and labeling each slice with the group name. [5 minutes] (Note: you can skip this step and just divide the pie by the number of items you have. It’s less precise this way, but faster.)
  6. Once the facilitator has created the Template Pie Chart, all participants draw the same template on their Team Pie white printout. Note: It’s critical that everyone be working from the same template, otherwise the information won’t be accurate. [5 minutes]
  7. Working independently, each team member fills in their skills experience on their pie: lay the Team Pie Worksheet (clear transparency film) on the template and grab your whiteboard marker. Using the slices and the target lines as a guide, color in each circular area per slice with the amount of skills that you have, like this:
    • Innermost ring: Some exposure and/or theoretical knowledge
    • Up to the 2nd inner ring: Have done this before
    • Up to the 3rd ring: Done this many times, feel confident
    • All the way to the 4th ring: Have a lot of expertise
  8. When everyone is done, stack the Team Pie Worksheets on top of each other and hold them up. (Don’t forget to label and date each one.)
  9. The Reveal! The density of color will show you where the team has overlapping skills. Lighter areas show where the team has some skills. Open areas are gaps in the team.
  10. On the clear transparency film Team Pie Worksheet, use the red whiteboard marker to fill in the areas that are open gaps. Label this as the “Gaps” pie.

Follow-up Discussion

The purpose of seeing team skills in this visual way is to help the team have clear and candid conversations about how well set up they are for success. Areas to focus the discussion are:

  • Shared skillsets
  • Key skills that are present, but not mature
  • Key skills that are missing or underdeveloped.

Shared skillsets
As a team, discuss the areas of overlap. These show shared skillsets. This is a good time to identify roles and responsibilities to clarify areas where there may be competition or conflict. Overlapping skill areas are fruitful areas for collaboration and pairing.

Discussion prompts:

  • Are the team members with these skills able to collaborate effectively?
  • What benefit does the team derive from shared skills, and how can we capitalize on this to be successful?
  • Are there areas of responsibility, accountability and authority that would be helpful to clarify further?

Key skills that are present, but not mature
Next, identify areas where coverage is thin and doesn’t extend out to the outermost ring. These are skills are present but not mature.

Discussion prompts:

  • How critical is expertise in this area?
  • How will the team get the level of skill needed to be successful? (education? on the job learning? outsourcing? new hires? other ideas?)

Key skills that are missing or underdeveloped
Lastly, identify slices that are completely clear or where coverage is thin and only extends as far as the 2nd ring This is the area of significant gaps.

Discussion prompts:

  • How critical is expertise in this area?
  • How will the team get the level of skill needed to be successful? (education? on the job learning? outsourcing? new hires? other ideas?)

Next Steps

After the discussion, capture the tasks to follow up on as a list for next steps. Take a picture of each individual pie, the overlay team pie, the gaps pie and the next steps. Be sure to put a date on them.

Check back in 2-3 weeks to see what has changed, and if the follow-up steps are on target.
It’s helpful to do this activity once a quarter to see what changes and what new skills and competencies are emerging.


The nitty-gritty details

History of the Balance Team Pie idea

Printing Notes for template

Download the template here.

Print on white paper:

  • 1 copy per participant
  • 1 copy for the facilitator

Print on clear acetate:

  • 1 copy per participant
  • 1 copy for the facilitator

You can get clear acetate or transparency paper in most office-supply stores and online at amazon.com. It’s available for ink-jet printers, laser-printers and copiers. It’s about $25 for 100 sheets. Many local copy shops carry it as well, and you can buy it by the sheet.

A recommended brand: 3M PP2500 Plain Paper Copier Transparency Film
$26 for 100 sheets (Available on Amazon)

What it looks like in practice

These photos are from the workshops at the Balanced Team conference in 2011 and 2013.

brainstorming photo

Brainstorming competencies with stickynotes.

photo of competencies on stickynotes

Examples of competencies on stickynotes.



Filling out the skills pies.


Filling out skills pies and comparing them.


Comparing the pies as a team.


Identifying the gaps.

Photo credits: Chris Nodder.

Questions, comments or improvements? Leave a comment and share your ideas.


  1. Philipp

    Kate, thanks for sharing this! I think this might become a favorite of mine in my “Agile UX methods backpack”. 🙂

    Unfortunately, all the links to the How-to Guide & template on this page return a 404 not found error. Can you have a look?

    Best greetings, Philipp

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  3. Diana Larsen

    This activity would fit so well in the Alignment element of Agile Chartering that Ainsley Nies and I describe in our book, Liftoff: Launching Agile Teams and Projects. What a great way to help a team think about the skills they’ll need, appreciate the importance of cross-functionality and generalizing specialists, and more. Thank you for this!

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